Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them learn to read. It runs alongside other teaching methods such as Guided Reading and Shared Reading to help children develop all the other vital reading skills and hopefully give them a real love of reading.

In order to support your children with learning to read, it is really helpful for all parents to have a good grasp of phonics. At Kenilworth, we run yearly phonic workshops for parents and we are always willing to speak to you if you have any questions regarding phonics.

At Kenilworth, we follow the Song of Sounds phonic programme in Nursery, Reception, Year 1 and Year 2.

To support your child with learning the Song of Sounds, click on the following below:

Song of Sounds

Please find below the materials from the parent’s workshop, detailing how you can help support your child with the important task of learning to read and write.

Introduction To Phonics Powerpoint

To hear the correct pronunciation of the sounds, please watch:

Phonic Pronunciation Video

What is phonics?

Children are taught to read by breaking down words into separate sounds or ‘phonemes’. They are then taught how to blend these sounds together to read the whole word.


c/a/t    cat           sh/i/p    ship           f/igh/t   fight

  • There are 44 different phonemes (sounds) for the children to learn.
  • Children have a 20/30 minute phonics lesson 4 times per week and they are encouraged to use the strategies taught to read and write in other lessons.


Phonics Phases

Within schools, phonics is taught in clear stages.

  • Phase 1 is taught in Nursery
  • Phases 2, 3 and 4 are covered in Reception
  • Phase 5 is covered in Year 1
  • Phase 6 is taught in Year 2, with additional spelling rules.

The Year 1 phonics screening check includes sounds that are covered in phases 2-5.

For a clear breakdown of the expectations of each stage of phonics, please visit:

How can I help at home?

The main way that you can help is by reading regularly with your child at home. Reading to them, listening to them read, sharing songs and rhymes are all vital opportunities for your child’s progression.

Other great ways to help:

  • Use flashcards to encourage children to recognise phonemes quickly.
  • Encourage children to spot diagraphs and trigraphs within words when reading (e.g. s/igh/t igh is a trigraph, three letters = one sound. Sh/i/p  sh is a diagraph, two letters =one sound.)
  • Revisit the phase and high frequency word lists with your children – these can be found on each classes website page.
  • Use their phonics in a fun way by playing games online.

The following websites are all recommended for parents to support their children at home